Comala History

Comala was a city of importance back to Pre-Hispanic times. The oldest cultures dating back over 3,000 years. This area flourished with important cultures such as the Olmec, the Nahuatl (500 BC), Toltec, Chichimeca (during the classical period, 1154-1429 AD) and Tarascan, which was the main culture until the arrival of the Spanish.

When the Spanish arrived, much of West Mexico was under the political control of the Kingdom of Tzintuntzan, which was the second largest and most powerful Mesoamerican Empire.

Led by Juan Rodriguez de Villafuentes, Juan Alvarez Chico and Cristobal de Olid, the Spanish arrived at Colima in 1522. King Colimán, recognizing the threat presented by the conquistadors, resisted the incursion. The indigenous forces initially won battles at Trojes, Paso de Alima and Toluca, but in 1523 they lost a decisive battle against Gonzalo de Sandoval at Caxitlán.

When the fight for Mexican independence began in 1810, Colima priest José Antonio Díaz led a group of revolutionaries in support of Miguel Hidalgo. A relatively small number of royal troops occupied the region when hostilities began, and they were easily defeated by the rebels. Afterward, little military action took place in Colima. In 1821, the Plan of Iguala established the direction for an independent Mexico. When Spain signed the Treaty of Córdoba later that year, Colima and the other Mexican territories formally gained their independence.

In 1998, Colima’s governor declared the town of Comala a Historical Monument Zone. In 2002, it joined the Magic Towns of Mexico, a program of the Tourism Ministry that advocates economic development while restoring and preserving each region’s cultural heritage.

The state ranks first in the production of lemon oil and second in the production of iron, which is processed at Lázaro Cardenas. The region also manufactures beverages (including dairy products), metal products, food preservatives and wooden furniture.

Colima’s main crops are the Mexican lemon, melons, mangoes, papaya, watermelon, yellow seedless watermelons and bananas. Other crops include corn, sugar cane, jalapeño chilies, cherry tomatoes and cucumbers. Palms are grown for landscaping and for their fibers, which are used to weave hats, placemats, floor mats and other items. The abundance of palms gives Colima City the nickname City of Palms
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